In order to know the meaning of the term dean, it is necessary, in the first place, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word that derives from Latin, exactly from “decanus”, which was used to define the oldest member of a community.
However, it should not be overlooked that during the Roman Empire it was also used to refer to the position that had ten men under its command and responsibility.
The term can refer to the most senior member of a board, organization, or group. For example: “The dean journalist of the Government House announced that he will retire within five years”, “I am the dean of this cultural association: he was part of it three decades ago”, “It is a new club, the dean member It’s a few years old. ”
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The individual who is elected as president of the faculty of a university is also called a dean. The dean is in charge of coordinating the task of the various teachers in charge of the subjects and is also the director of the chair of the different careers: “The Catholic University announced that tomorrow it will announce the name of the new dean of the Faculty of Sciences Social”, “The former dean of the Faculty of Medicine was denounced for corruption”, “I never thought I would be the dean of this faculty for so long”.
Within the judicial field, the term that concerns us now is also used. In that case, we usually talk about the dean judge. This we can establish that he is in charge of representing the judges of cities where there are ten or more courts, which are precisely those who choose him.
In addition, he chairs the board of judges, which are held to deal with issues that affect these judicial authorities, and has other relevant functions such as these:
-You have to ensure that the guard service is carried out as established.
-He is in charge of directing both the deanery and the common services.
-In the same way, it also has to supervise and control the distribution of cases between the courts of the province to which it belongs.
-The dean judge comes to coordinate what is the activity of the different judicial services.
-Supervises and ensures, in addition, that the funds that are destined for his deanery are assigned and used in the most appropriate way possible.
In the field of diplomacy, the dean is the head of mission with the most seniority. His functions vary according to the country : in general, it is a symbolic distinction that allows him to act as spokesman or spokesman for the diplomatic corps in certain events.
In sport, finally, it is common for the oldest club in a region or country to be known as “the dean”. The Real Club Recreativo de Huelva, to cite one case, is “the dean” of Spanish football. Its foundation took place in 1889.